Scutching removes the woody portion of the stalks by crushing them between two metal rollers, so that the parts of the stalk can be separated. [48], This article is about the textile. State whether ‘True’ or ‘False’ (a) Wool is a synthetic fibre. It is smooth, making the finished fabric lint-free, and gets softer the more it is washed. The direct result of his good work was the establishment, under statute, of the Board of Trustees of the Linen Manufacturers of Ireland in the year 1711. Latin meaning is “the most useful.” Flax is a herbaceous annual which grows to about 1 metre in height in 3-4 months, and has attractive flowers, usually blue but can be … • Bast or stem fibers, derived from the fibrous bundles in the inner bark of plant stems. [38][full citation needed]. It has a long staple (individual fiber length) relative to cotton and other natural fibers.[39]. Technically, linen is a vegetable. Wool is obtained from the fleece of sheep and goat, hair of … It also has other distinctive characteristics, notably its tendency to wrinkle. Hemp: Long, strong and durable, hemp fibres are about 70% cellulose and contain low levels of lignin (around 8-10%). 4. Which one of the following is not a natural fibre (a) Nylon (b) Cotton (c) Flax (d) Jute (a) Nylon. Introduction. High-quality linen fabrics are now produced in the United States for the upholstery market and in Belgium. (b) Natural fibres are chemically improved to form synthetic fibres. These fibres are converted into yarns to make fabrics. The image above shows a hemp stem. Question 1. Flax is more durable than cotton and can yield a very fine fabric. It grows well in black soil and warm climate. Flax needs a deep, rich soil, and, like tobacco, quickly depletes the nutrients from the land where it is planted. Some plant fibres. Question 8. Next the fibers are heckled: the short fibers are separated with heckling combs by 'combing' them away, to leave behind only the long, soft flax fibers. [11] It was used mainly by the wealthier class of the society, including priests. Flax, (Linum usitatissimum), plant of the family Linaceae, cultivated both for its fibre, from which linen yarn and fabric are made, and for its nutritious seeds, called flaxseed or linseed, from which linseed oil is obtained. Cotton b. Jute c. Wool d. Nylon Answer: d. Nylon. (c) The invention of the needle helped in sewing pieces of fabrics together. Linen wrinkles very easily, and thus some more formal garments require ironing often, in order to maintain perfect smoothness. 3.2.1. He settled in the town of Lisburn near Belfast, which is itself perhaps the most famous linen producing center throughout history; during the Victorian era the majority of the world's linen was produced in the city, which gained it the name Linenopolis. Noun (es) A plant of the genus Linum , especially , which has a single, slender stalk, about a foot and a half high, with blue flowers.Also known as linseed, especially when referring to the seeds. Fibres that are obtained from plants or animals are called natural fibres. Examples are nylon, rayon, polyester, and acrylic. Cellulose produces long, … Approximately 70% of linen production in the 1990s was for apparel textiles, whereas in the 1970s only about 5% was used for fashion fabrics. 13. So, Silk is not obtained from plant fibres. Linen (/ˈlɪnən/) is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant. Linen's poor elasticity means that it easily wrinkles. For other uses, see. [6], The discovery of dyed flax fibers in a cave in Southeastern Europe (present-day Georgia) dated to 36,000 years ago suggests that ancient people used wild flax fibers to create linen-like fabrics from an early date. Specimens of linen garments worn by historical figures have survived. II. Fibers of flax are obtained from its stem. [41] Conversely, some brands such as 100% Capri specially treat the linen to look like denim.[42]. Cotton fibres are up to 95 percent pure cellulose and derive from. a. Hemp plant b. Flax plant c. Cotton plant d. Jute plant 4. Linen fibres are obtained from the inner bark (or skin) of a plant. Flax, (Linum usitatissimum), plant of the family Linaceae, cultivated both for its fibre, from which linen yarn and fabric are made, and for its nutritious seeds, called flaxseed or linseed, from which linseed oil is obtained. Wild Fibres natural fibres > plant fibres. In the 18th century and beyond, the linen industry was important in the economies of several countries in Europe as well as the American colonies. Fibre Plants - seed, bast & hard fibres: Plant Fibre from cotton, linen, hemp & jute. (b) The process of making yarn from fibres is called knitting. Classifications & Analysis of Textiles: A Handbook by Karen L. LaBat, Ph.D. and Carol J. Salusso, Ph.A. After retting, the stalks are ready for scutching, which takes place between August and December. might be 40 lea, and give 40x300 = 12,000 yards per pound. [1], There are many references to linen throughout the Bible, reflecting the textile's entrenched presence in human cultures. Linen should not be dried too much by tumble drying, and it is much easier to iron when damp. The best-known silk is obtained from the cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori reared in captivity (sericulture). Flax is also grown as an ornamental plant in gardens. This is the only fibre obtained from an insect. Cotton b. Jute c. Linen d. Nylon. Plant Fibres: Cotton (Fig. [15][16] Linen was sometimes used as a form of currency in ancient Egypt. Answer: L inen fibre production In the traditional process, the flax stems are tied into bundles and hung out to dry. Wallsof burial chambers dated 3000 B.C. An alternate production method is known as “cottonizing” which is quicker and requires less equipment. Wool is also obtained from the hairs of goat, rabbits, yak,camels. f) Silk fibre is obtained from the stem of a plant. d) stems. Plant fibres: Fibres obtained from plant sources are called plant fibres. 3. Wool is the common name applied to the soft, curly fibers obtained chiefly from the fleece of domesticated sheep, and used extensively in textile manufacturing. There are also chemical retting methods; these are faster, but are typically more harmful to the environment and to the fibers themselves. In addition, flax thread is not elastic, and therefore it is difficult to weave without breaking threads. Geographical Requirements for Flax Fibre Production 3. Answers: State whether ‘True’ or ‘False’. • Linen is just one of many by-products of the flax plant as other products are paper, dye, and fishnet, medicines, soap, and hair gels. Flax is an annual plant, which means it only lives for one growing season. Soft or Bast Fibers . Animal fibres: Fibres obtained from animal sources are called animal fibres. Flax is a bast fiber obtained from the stems or stalks of the flax plants. It has been in use since centuries in the textile industry. It needs moderate rainfall. Known as a couche, the flax cloth is used to hold the dough into shape while in the final rise, just before baking. Examples are cotton, jute, wool, and silk. The fine yarns used in handkerchiefs, etc. Fibres which are obtained from plants are cotton, jute, hemp, flax, hoopvine, ramie, bamboo fibre, sisal, kenaf, etc. [43] United States currency paper is made from 25% linen and 75% cotton.[44]. Which of these fibres is non – biodegradable a. However, in the case of many present-day linen fabrics, particularly in the decorative furnishing industry, slubs are considered as part of the aesthetic appeal of an expensive natural product. Cotton, jute, coir, hemp, lines are natural plant fibres. In the next post on the Linen Craft series we have a look at the following step: scutching and hackling. The use of flax for weaving into "linen" cloth dates back to the Egyptian dynasties over four thousand years ago and from the latter part of the Middle Ages it became the most commonly used textile material in Europe. Examples are cotton, jute, wool, ... Cotton, jute, coir, silk cotton, hemp, and flax are examples of plant fibres. Linseed refers to brown or yellow-seeded types containing 35 to 45 % oil and 18 to 26 % protein. There is no explanation for this in the Torah itself and it is categorized as a type of law known as chukim, a statute beyond man's ability to comprehend. d) Ricinus communis. Silk fibre is drawn from the cocoon of silkworm. Fibre to Fabric – Question: From which part of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? When the Edict of Nantes was revoked in 1685, many of the Huguenots who fled France settled in the British Isles and elsewhere. Thus linen is considerably more expensive to manufacture than cotton. d) The process of removing seed from cotton is called ginning. How to plant flax. Several grades were produced including coarse lockram. Cotton. Wool is obtained from the fleece of sheep or goat. 6. Flax. Flax is stronger than cotton as its polymers lie almost parallel to the fiber axis. It is also obtained from the hair of rabbits, yak and camels. In addition to referring to the plant itself, the word “flax” may refer to the unspun fibers of the flax plant. Textiles in a linen weave texture, even when made of cotton, hemp, or other non-flax fibers, are also loosely referred to as "linen". c) roots. The significant cost of linen derives not only from the difficulty of working with the thread but also because the flax plant itself requires a great deal of attention. Linen fabric is made from the cellulose fibers that grow inside of the stalks of the flax plant, or Linum usitatissimum, one of the oldest cultivated plants in human history. [30] The homespun movement encouraged the use of flax to make home spun textiles. [17] When the tomb of the Pharaoh Ramses II, who died in 1213 BC, was discovered in 1881, the linen wrappings were in a state of perfect preservation after more than 3000 years. Like Jute, Flax fibre is obtained from the stem of the Flax plant. Linen is a bast fiber. This is a specific length therefore an indirect measurement of the fineness of the linen, i.e., the number of length units per unit mass. Image: Natrij – Public Domain. In stagnant water gummy matter that holds the fibres is destroyed by bacteria. The most used plant fibres are cotton, flax and hemp, although sisal, jute, kenaf, bamboo and coconut are also widely used. Fibers of flax are obtained from its stem. Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant. In the United States cotton is popularly used instead, as linen is many times more expensive there, restricting its use to professional painters. Examples include cotton, hemp, jute, flax, ramie, sisal, and bagasse. e) Weaving of yarn makes a piece of fabric. The earliest written documentation of a linen industry comes from the Linear B tablets of Pylos, Greece, where linen is depicted as an ideogram and also written as "li-no" (Greek: λίνον, linon), and the female linen workers are cataloged as "li-ne-ya" (λίνεια, lineia). Fibre to Fabric MCQ/Objective Questions/multiple choice questions Chapter 3 Class 6 Science with answer and explanation as per CBSE book. They are used in the manufacture of linen cloth, canvas, carpets, threads, strong twine, cigarette paper, finest writing paper, etc. [10] To the southwest, in ancient Mesopotamia, flax was domesticated and linen was produced. Flax is an annual plant that is grown for its fiber or seeds, and in some instances both fiber and seeds. Which of the following do we get from plant? Wool is commonly obtained from sheep. [19][20], By the Middle Ages, there was a thriving trade in German flax and linen. This is Science Class 6 Fibre to Fabric CBSE Questions & Answers. This is achieved through retting. Linen fabric is made from the cellulose fibers that grow inside of the stalks of the flax plant, or Linum usitatissimum, one of the oldest cultivated plants in human history. Linen : A fibre obtained from the flax plant, for the most part produced in central and northern Russia, Belgium, Holland, Ireland, France, Egypt, and northern Italy.Russia produces the most Belgium produces the best. A) done clear. It is also etymologically related to a number of other terms, including lining, because linen was often used to create an inner layer for clothing,[4] and lingerie, from French, which originally denoted underwear made of linen. It was also worn as clothing on a daily basis; white linen was worn because of the extreme heat. The fibre is obtained from the stalk of a plant (Linum Usitatissimum - A literal translation is "linen most useful.") Sometimes, farmers choose to cultivate different varieties in the same field. [21] Flax was cultivated and linen used for clothing in Ireland by the 11th century. (c) Cotton fibre is fibre which is obtained from the leaves of the cotton plant. Flax, (Linum usitatissimum), plant of the family Linaceae, cultivated both for its fibre, from which linen yarn and fabric are made, and for its nutritious seeds, called flaxseed or linseed, from which linseed oil is obtained. Flax. There are 15 questions in this test with each question having around four answer choices. Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) fibre is obtained from the stem of plants belonging to the family Linacea. Due to its strength, in the Middle Ages linen was used for shields, gambesons, and bowstrings; in classical antiquity it was used to make a type of body armour, referred to as a linothorax. Flax is a plant while linen is the fabric made from the fibers of the flax plant obtained from its stem. a. 1. The flax fibres are obtained from. Fabric made from flax is called linen. … Linen fabric is one of the preferred traditional supports for oil painting. The symbol is NeL. 13) Ramie fibre: Ramie fibre refers to the fibre obtained from the Ramie plant. For maximum emergence, flax requires a well prepared, firm and moist seedbed. Q.1) Which one of the following is not a natural fibre [12] The Sumerian poem of the courtship of Inanna mentions flax and linen.[13]. Flax Fibre. The word linen is of West Germanic origin[3] and cognate to the Latin name for the flax plant, linum, and the earlier Greek λινόν (linón). Though flax has lost some of its value as a commercial … The fibre itself needs to be separated from the interior xylem or woody core and some times also from the epidermis which is the outer most layer of cells that carries nutrients to the leaves. Flax fibers vary in length from about 25 to 150 mm (1 to 6 in) and average 12–16 micrometers in diameter. Fibres are running at the surface of the plant stem, which is about 1 m height and 2 – 3 mm thick in the diameter [Blackburn 2005]. This wear can show up in collars, hems, and any area that is iron creased during laundering. This is a process which uses bacteria to decompose the pectin that binds the fibers together. These textiles can then be bleached, dyed, printed on, or finished with a number of treatments or coatings.[45]. B) Proverbs 31:22 says, "She makes coverings for her bed; she is clothed in fine linen and purple." From seed-planting, it is ready to . The seed of cotton is called (a) Bolus (b) Ginny ... Fibre obtained from plants and animals are called (a) Animal fibre (b) Plant fibre (c) Synthetic fibre (d) Natural fibre (d) Natural fibre. B) done clear. The Jewish Primer, by Shmuel Himelstein. [citation needed], In 2018, according to the United Nations' repository of official international trade statistics, China was the top exporter of woven linen fabrics by trade value, with a reported $732.3 million in exports; Italy ($173.0 million), Belgium ($68.9 million) and the United Kingdom ($51.7 million) were also major exporters. Fibres are the sclerenchyma cells that are associated with the vascular tissues and are a component of plant skeleton. After harvesting the flax plant, it is time to extract the fiber. 7. [24], Linen continued to be valued for garments in the 16th century[25] and beyond. Silk fibre is drawn from the cocoon of silkworm. Flaxseed fibre is a high quality, organic, natural, unrefined whole food product that is naturally gluten free with a shelf life of two years, as reported by the manufacturers. – 1 – 1 claSSification fibre flax, linseed and linolatm refer to the same plant, Linum usitatis- simum, which belongs to the linaceae family. Plant/vegetable fibres :- These are obtained from plant sources such , eg, cotton (obtained from seeds of cotton plant), jute(obtained from stem of jute plant), coir(obtained from outer covering of coconut fruit), etc.The base of vegetable fibres is cellulose which is a structural material in the plant world. Jute is the cheapest natural fibre and is known as the golden fibre. Linen is a plant fibre obtained from flax plant. Linen is very strong and absorbent and dries faster than cotton. The plants grown for fiber are generally planted closer together to produce a taller main stalk from which the fiber is obtained. To generate the longest possible fibers, flax is either hand-harvested by pulling up the entire plant or stalks are cut very close to the root. Sheep Wool. (c) The cotton picked up from the plants still has its seed in it. Then the shaped dough is placed on the couche. (3) The metric unit, Nm, is more commonly used in continental Europe. The quality of the finished linen product is often dependent upon growing conditions and harvesting techniques. Example: Wool and Silk. Answer: Cotton – Cotton bolls (from the surface of cotton seeds) (fruit) Jute – Stem; Question: Name two items that are made from coconut fibre. Fibers are remarkable for their great tensile strength, length of staple, fineness and durability. Silk fibres are obtained from silkworms. [24], Linen was also an important product in the American colonies, where it was brought over with the first settlers and became the most commonly used fabric and a valuable asset for colonial households. Answer: a. Proteins. Since all plant fibers are made up of mainly cellulose, they are categorized as “natural cellulosic fibers”, which may consist of one plant cell or an aggregate of cells cemented together by non-cellulose materials. Flax fibers can usually be identified by their “nodes” which add to the flexibility and texture of the fabric. Flax and jute are the natural fibres obtained from plants. Flax fiber is extracted from the bast or skin of the stem of the flax plant. Flax is grown in many parts of the world, but top quality flax is primarily grown in Western European countries and Ukraine. It is also obtained from the hair of rabbits, yak and camels. b. Flax, (Linum usitatissimum), plant of the family Linaceae, cultivated both for its fibre, from which linen yarn and fabric are made, and for its nutritious seeds, called flaxseed or linseed, from which linseed … World Production. The fibre is obtained from the stem of the plant and is very strong and durable. Flax fiber is obtained from the inner bark of the stem of a plant grown in temperate and subtropical regions of the world. The cross-section of the linen fiber is made up of irregular polygonal shapes which contribute to the coarse texture of the fabric.[45]. This word history has given rise to a number of other terms in English, most notably line, from the use of a linen (flax) thread to determine a straight line. Question 10. (e) Animals fibers are silk and wool. Question 9. linseed oil is possibly the most widely Flax: Like cotton, flax fibre is a cellulose polymer, but its structure is more crystalline, making it stronger, crisper and stiffer to handle, and more easily wrinkled.Flax fibres range in length up to 90 cm, and average 12 to 16 microns in diameter. Fine white linen is also worn by angels in the New Testament (Revelation 15:6). The floured couche makes a "non stick" surface to hold the dough. Plants including cotton, jute, flax and hemp are used to obtain plant fibres. The fibres support the conductive cells of the phloem and provide strength to the stem. Thus, option C … b) Linum spp. Linen was used in ancient civilizations including Mesopotamia[2] and ancient Egypt, and linen is mentioned in the Bible. Online Etymology Dictionary. The trade spread throughout Germany by the 9th century and spread to Flanders and Brabant by the 11th century. A) Eucalyptus leaves done clear. The fiber of the bark is used for making thread and cloth, called linen, cambric, lawn, lace, etc. 1. Linen is relatively easy to take care of, since it resists dirt and stains, has no lint or pilling tendency, and can be dry-cleaned, machine-washed, or steamed. The plant has been under cultivation for … Explain how jute is obtained from the jute plant. Castor oil is obtained from . Answer: Ropes; Mats; Question: Explain the process of making yam from fibre. In 1923, the German city Bielefeld issued banknotes printed on linen. Nevertheless, the tendency to wrinkle is often considered part of linen's particular "charm", and many modern linen garments are designed to be air-dried on a good clothes hanger and worn without the necessity of ironing. The flax fibres are used for making fabric or cloth. [18] The linen on this mummy is also in a perfect state of preservation. c) Brassica campestris. Cotton. Answer: Wool is obtained from the fleece (hair) of sheep, goat, yak, etc. They absorb and release water quickly, making linen comfortable to wear in hot weather. Plant fibres are obtained from various parts of plants, such as the seeds (cotton, kapok, milkweed), stems (flax, jute, hemp, ramie, kenaf, nettle, bamboo), and leaves (sisal, manila, abaca), fruit (coir) and other grass fibres. These are fibres that are obtained from natural sources such as plants and animals. 7. Many plant fibres are produced as field crops. Linen uses range across bed and bath fabrics (tablecloths, bath towels, dish towels, bed sheets); home and commercial furnishing items (wallpaper/wall coverings, upholstery, window treatments); apparel items (suits, dresses, skirts, shirts); and industrial products (luggage, canvases, sewing thread). 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