3. The primary reasons leading to Child Labour can be traced to poverty, lack of decent schooling and education and growth of the informal economy. Set of specific duties and responsibilities for law enforcement agencies to ensure effective implementation and compliance of the Act.Â, Complete prohibition of employment of children below the age of 14. The Act also allows the government to bar the employment of adolescents that are working in any hazardous conditions. The average annual expenditure of the government for primary education is Rs 1,253 per child, whereas private institutions spend Rs 12,889 per child. Continuing political and social instability has seen it fall 80 places in the index since 2016 and it … The school attendance rate drops from 93.5 per cent among 7-14-year-olds to 74.3 per cent for 15-17-year-olds. For essay writing, topics can range from social issues to current affairs or contemporary problems on a global level. Contravention of provisions non-cognizable offence. Clarity on issues related to family enterprises. The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986, The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) of Children Act, 2000, The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009. The statutory provision for a rehabilitation fund will ensure that the child/adolescent is not only rescued but his/her future is secured by the amount collected in the fund. The major national legislative developments include the following: Non-Governmental Organisations doing outstanding work : Solutions: The solutions have to come from 3 ends : All three need to act as a check on the upper one. Insights into Issues: Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act Constitutional Provisions Relating to Child Labour: Article 24 prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in hazardous industries. Apart from not getting an education, the child is also subjected to various kinds of abuse and this prevents him/her from blossoming into a happy and healthy adult. The employers need to respect human rights and sensitise themselves towards the cause. The Government of India announced in August, 1987. A number of legislative initiatives have been undertaken at both levels. Statutory provision for a child and adolescent labour rehabilitation fund with contribution of appropriate Government also ensured for each child rescued. According to the government’s U-DISE 2013-14, the enrolment rate is 97 per cent for elementary level and 76.64 per cent for secondary level. wherein there are a lot of raids that happen in the unorganised sector, manufacturing units and other factories. We must secure their future by giving them good education. Provisions under the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Rules are as follows: Click the link to read about the National Child Labour Project Scheme. 22. Thornton wilder, the bridge collapsed on the spot. The Government of India decided to make further amendments in the Act after extensive consultation with the stakeholders. The following mindmaps are designed keeping in mind the demand of UPSC civil services Mains exam. There are several operations that happen in India like. Government has been taking various pro-active measures to tackle this problem. There was a deviation from the pattern of 25 compulsory essay questions to be written within 3 hours. It indicates why government schools perform poorly and gradually close down. There are more articles and UPSC-related preparation materials to choose from with the links given in the table below: Your email address will not be published. The government can act as a watchdog for the employers and the serial offenders in case of parents. Also, read about the National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF), Aspirants can refer to the linked articles mentioned below which are similar to a topic, ‘child labour protection act:’, The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act:- Download PDF Here. Since it is mostly the children of rural background who are the soft targets, hence awareness is needed, the task of which can be undertaken by the government, private NGOs and even people like us. 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Children could work in their family businesses only if it is safe for them. No provision of rehabilitation fund for rescued children. Schedule of hazardous processes and occupations provided where an adolescent cannot work.Â. Nuestras Soluciones. 3. Children are the most precious gifts from God. Defining child labour in India: ILO’s definition of child labour is: “Work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. Schedule of 18 occupations and 65 processes ( called certain occupations & processes) applicable for a child; tells where a child cannot work. Child labour b . “Eradicate child labour else the country may soon see a degradation of rich talent going in for a waste”. Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Rules – broad framework against child labour. Children between 14-18 years are categorised as Adolescents and are not allowed to work in hazardous occupations. 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